Vauban was born in Morvan. Here he grew up, lived, settled with his family and created his very own « private refuge ». Marshall of France under Louis XIV, we owe to him the famous « star » fortifications. But Vauban was also a great traveller and a fine observer of the realities of his age. Among others, he described the Morvan in the 17th Century, its rough lands and difficult living conditions that forced locals to look elsewhere for the resources needed for their survival. He put forward ideas on a number of subjects – military art, the management of the local area, resource management, economics, society – suggesting reforms that were way ahead of their time. The Musée Vauban therefore presents his history, his heritage both built and written, whilst showing his attachment to the Morvan, a land that inspired and nurtured a great man and his ideas.